Compare and contrast the major political parties in the United States. What policies are they preparing for upcoming elections?

The Big Political Organizations in the United States

There are two big political organizations in the United States – the Republicans and the Democrats. The incumbent President, Donald Trump, is symbolizing the Republicans in the contest to be reelected as President in the next elections that are scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020. On the other hand, Joe Biden is symbolizing the Democrats – the party that both Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton are members. In most cases, members of a political party share similar dreams and objectives on how a nation should be managed (The Economist, 2020). This essay will liken and show the differences between the dominant political parties in America and analyze the policies that they are preparing for this year’s elections.           

Relate and show the Big Political Parties in the United States.

Tax Policy

Both parties advocate for tax cuts, although they differ on how to realize that. Whereas Democrats argue that tax cuts should be administered to the underprivileged and middle class, Republicans on the other hand insist that tax cuts should be administered to all, including large business organizations and the well-to-do (CNN, 2020).

Social Matters

Concerning issues such as same-sex marriage, gun control, and abortion, Republicans are moderate in character. On every occasion, they take a moderate way to social matters. This is the primary justification why a majority of them don’t support gay unions or abortion. On the other hand, Democrats are liberal and radical. Whereas they insist on stricter regulations on guns, they have been pressing for the acceptance of the rights of gay people and women’s power in deciding whether to carry out an abortion or not (CNN, 2020).

Work and Free Trade

Republicans advocate for free markets. They don’t support more government control in the labor market. This is why the party doesn’t support raising the minimum wage, countering that businesses should keep operational costs as low as possible to enable them to succeed. On the other hand, Democrats think that multinational corporations are too powerful. They advocate for increased government regulation to equalize the playing field. For instance, they suppose that an established minimum wage is useful in circulating more money to all Americans, which helps the economy (Council on Foreign Relations, 2020).


Medical management is another issue where the two parties have divergent views. Democrats assume that states should provide medical care. They want to get rid of private insurance, insisting that it’s out of reach for the ordinary American. On the other hand, Republicans assume that if the government tries to control healthcare too much, healthcare costs will rise and reduce its quality (CNN, 2020).

What Strategies are they formulating for the Forthcoming Elections?

2020 Republican Presidential Candidate Donald Trump (Incumbent President)


Incumbent President Donald Trump banned late-term expulsion of a fetus from the womb in February 2020. In June last year, he stopped medical research that makes use of tissue from an expelled fetus. In February 2020, the US President only allowed late abortions for fetuses that are not viable. In the same period, he also added that he deeply cares about unborn children and doesn’t fully support abortion. The U.S. President also reintroduced the Mexico City Policy and put an end to funding abortion abroad in January 2017. He also said that uncertain abortion funding is acceptable, while planned parenthood is not. He doesn’t support abortion in the 9th month of pregnancy. He also turned back laws on abortion to the states. Although he said that Planned Parenthood greatly benefits women’s health and millions of Americans are assisted by the policy, President Trump opted to defund it (Diamant, 2020).


Many Americans have criticized the way President Trump has handled the Coronavirus pandemic. This will define both his legacy and how some voters in swing states who are open both to him and Joe Biden will decide in November. Many of President Trump’s allies have been informing the President that he is no longer running against a human political rival, but the coronavirus. They also tell him that his chances of reelection at the end of the year solely depend on whether he will convince voters that his administration did its best to save American lives during the current pandemic. The President has used his everyday White House news forums to make attempts in altering the narrative and assuring voters that his administration’s response to the medical crisis was competent. This is despite the fact that he had consistently played down the threat of the pandemic and delayed in taking in the scale of the risk. The President has also been ambitious to reopen the economy, with the aim of intending to claim credit to the economic progress that he was making before the virus stopped it, and at the same blaming China and the World Health Organization for the rapid spread of the virus (Karni, 2020).

Building the Wall

Prior to the Coronavirus pandemic, the U.S. President was focused on his 2016 campaign pledge of building the wall. Although the construction of the wall has been going on at a snail’s pace, a clampdown on immigration has been a top priority of his administration. The President even tried to use immigration to divert attention from public criticism on how his administration has responded to the coronavirus pandemic (Karni, 2020).

Federal Regulations

The President has also prioritized federal regulations, focusing his attention on demolishing environmental regulations passed by the Obama administration. President Trump is yet to revoke the Affordable Healthcare Act, although he has made the Republicans contented with his obligation to appoint conservative judges to the federal bench at a very quick pace. The U.S. President boasts of two trade deals that have become his signature policies: a trade contract with China and an updated agreement with Mexico and Canada. Trump has consistently summarized his foreign policy as putting “America first”. Based on this doctrine, the President has questioned the purpose of founding some alliances, for instance, NATO, and shown reluctance in participating in overseas military operations (Karni, 2020).

2020 Presumptive Democratic Nominee Joe Biden


Joe Biden is a former American Vice President and is currently the presumed Democratic Party nominee for this years’ Presidential election. He has repeatedly said that he can build his administration based on the Obama legacy and unite America in the middle of a pandemic. Mr. Biden has served the American government for almost half a century. He insists that his experience in government makes him a stable and competent hand in a hazardous and ambiguous world. During the unfolding coronavirus pandemic, he has put a lot of effort in assisting voters to view him as commander in chief, planning propositions founded in advice from the leading medical care and economic professionals. Those plans include increasing the accessibility of coronavirus tests to be free and easily accessible. He added that patients should not pay out-of-pocket when a vaccine is discovered. Biden has openly criticized President Trump’s reaction to the pandemic, accusing him of not being swift (Glueck, 2020).


Since Joe Biden was the Vice President when President Obama passed the Affordable Care Act, the provision of adequate medical care is still his top priority. He often talks about the importance of efficient medical care for all when talking about his private life: His infant daughter and wife passed away in 1972, and recently in 2015, his son Beau Biden passed away due to brain cancer. He insists that he feels that medical care is a “special” matter to him. He advocates including a community alternative to the Affordable Care Act but resists the “Medicare for all” policy that had been supported by most progressive Democrats, such as Senator Bernie Sanders. Mr. Biden has faith in the importance of bipartisanship and reiterates that invitations should be widened to the Republicans even at a time when a majority of his colleagues don’t support negotiations with the rival political party. Since he was a chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he is passionate about affirming and protecting America’s position as a global head (Glueck, 2020).

Climate Crisis

In mid-2019, Mr. Biden suggested a scheme that would pay out $1.7 Trillion to enable America to realize the goal of eradicating greenhouse emissions by the year 2050. Biden’s plan takes into account aspects of the earnest Green New Deal, the wide idea to focus on renewable energy framework and climate change suggested by New York’s Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and intends to go further than Obama’s climate aims. In the suggestions, Biden wants fossil fuel subsidies to end and new oil and gas licenses on government land to be stopped. He would also like America to rejoin the Paris climate agreement. The proposal gives Congress the power to make a decision on the enforcement technique to be used to compel big American corporations to achieve the emission targets set out by Biden and at the same time penalize them when they fail to comply (CNN, 2020).

Gun Violence

In August 2019, Mr. Biden promised to lobby for the ban on assault weapons if he wins the November election. In a recent New York Times op-ed, Mr. Biden wrote an article in which he insisted that America has an enormous gun problem and that assault weapons are a threat to American national security. Furthermore, Mr. Biden told CNN’s Anderson Cooper that he suggests that the federal government begins a gun buyback policy to reduce the number of guns within the American public. He would like background checks to be done on everyone, but in his opinion, assault weapons should be illegal and there should be no debate about that. During the initial presidential discussion of issues, Biden advocated for “smart guns” – meaning that gun manufacturers should add biometric features that would prevent guns from function when held with a user who is not biometrically registered with it (CNN, 2020).


This essay likened and showed the differences between the big political organizations in America and analyzed the policies that they are preparing for this year’s elections. The big political organizations in America are Democrats and Republicans. Both parties believe that there should be changes in the tax policy, social matters, work, and free trade, healthcare, and social programs.  However, they both disagree on how these policies should be carried out. Many Americans think that President Trump could have done better in taking early measures to control the spread of the Coronavirus, and the issue will have an impact on the Presidential elections. The ambitious plans established by the Republican President, the coronavirus pandemic has negatively affected most of the pledges he made such as improving the economy, increasing job opportunities, building a wall between America and Mexico to stop illegal immigrants, and abortion. The Republican administration has done a good job of implementing its policies such as putting America first, but they still have to do more.      






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