Population and Social Change
Sociological perspectives are complicated hypothetical and technical foundations, used to examine and describe phenomena of social study and assist in the progress of arranging social learning. Sociologists use various sociological hypotheses to examine social problems. Some hypothesis gives sociologists broad points of view and enable them to describe various dimensions of social life (Griffiths & Keirns, 2015). This essay will liken and contradict how social perspective theorists analyze urban growth, describe collective habits, and give examples of mass behavior.
Liken and Contrast how Structural-functionalists, Symbolic-interactionists, and Social-conflict Theorists Analyze Urban Growth.
Structural functionalism is a hypothesis that investigates urban growth using the unity of members and individuals who engage in teamwork for progress. The approach brings about urban growth because it backs various units that work in harmony as a single entity (Ritzer & Stepnisky, 2020). Social conflict hypothesis investigates urban growth since it describes that the wealthy put more effort to safeguard their possessions while the underprivileged endeavor to prosper financially. For that reason, it probes the development of urban using contests between individuals in the community (Simon, 2016). The symbolic interaction hypothesis strengthens urban growth owing to its contribution that social synergy leads to the development of a society.
Urban growth is the steady surge of a populace in a large town or civilization. The structural-functionalists hypothesis is related to the analysis of urban growth since its primary assumption recognizes how various units of a community function collectively to advance the progress of the community. The social-conflict hypothesis is an additional assumption that views urban growth by analyzing the underprivileged and the well-off. Karl Marx states that the affluent endeavor to look after their property while the underprivileged endeavor to attain prosperity. The symbolic interaction hypothesis delves into urban growth on the assumption that social cooperation between individuals causes success and improvement. A common characteristic of the three hypotheses is that they all give sociologists a foundation to understand social life (Griffiths & Keirns, 2015).
Describe Collective Manners from a Sociological Point of View and Explain the Difference between Collective Behavior and Mass Behavior, Specifically. Give Illustrations of Mass Behavior.
Collective behavior is a diversified series of manners of conducting oneself that many people participate in and is not controlled by an organization. It is an impulsive and relatively unorganized manner of conducting oneself done by many people being influenced by others. There exist three kinds of collective behavior, namely: the public, the mass, and the crowd. A mass is a comparably huge number of individuals with a shared concern, but they may be far away from each other. Individuals in a mass have similar interests. Mass behavior causes social pressure, that comes from what a person believes concerning what others anticipate or wish them to do. Although most individuals perceive themselves as people who can make independent decisions regarding behavior, it is common for people to fit into the anticipation and standards of a crowd. It is concerned with the swaying of people to behave in a specific manner in the presence of others and examines the manner and activities that cause those behaviors (Ness & Effler, 2016).
People have a tend to want their beliefs and behavior to conform to those of a specific group. Mass behavior may consist of mass hysteria, rumors, hearsay (gossip), fads, and fashion. Mass hysteria occurs when a conceivably devastating occurrence starts an extensive emotional feeling of alarm. It can be followed by fright, mass migration, or efforts to flee the anticipated threat. A rumor is an unsubstantiated information. If the person spreading the rumor is perceived to be credible, people are more likely to believe it. Gossip is a secret dialogue between two individuals concerning a person who is not physically present with them. They may present their information as based on facts although the truth may not have been verified. Fad occurs when many people adopt an object, or practice such as slang speech, dancing style or music preference for a relatively brief time. Since they are seen as trendy or cool by many people, they become common very fast. Fashion is a design or manner of clothing. Sometimes, fashion can give a false impression of affluence and status (Ness & Effler, 2016).
This essay likened and contradicted how social perspective theorists analyze urban growth, describe collective habits, and gave examples of mass behavior. The three-hypothesis discussed are the basis of today’s sociological hypothesis. Conflict theory insists on regulated social disparities. Structural functionalism gives special attention to how each unit of society works in harmony to benefit the whole. Symbolic interactionism gives special attention to one-on-one synergy and cooperation. Some of these approaches have changed with time.